Dental Trauma

Frequently Asked Questions (Click on Questions to See Answers)

A - When an injury occurs to any part of the mouth causing damage to the teeth, jaw bones, gums, tongue or lips, this damage is termed “dental trauma”.

A - Anybody can experience dental trauma from birth, through accidents, sports injuries, and temperatures of certain foods that can scald the mouth. Typical dental damage includes broken or fractured teeth or jaw bones, torn lips or gums, or bitten tongues. However sometimes people are born with genetic conditions such as severe malocclusion that can contribute to dental trauma too.

A - Depending on the damage to the mouth and how it occurred, symptoms of dental trauma can differ from mild inflammation to the gums, inner cheeks, tongue or palate, to torn or scalded oral tissue that bruises or blisters. When a tooth breaks, the brittle bone can tear the inner mouth tissue too and cause swelling and pain.

If a tooth is entirely knocked out and the socket where the root was does not clot, this can bleed and feel extremely painful. A broken jaw will severely affect the teeth structure, alignment and bite feeling painful when moving the jaws to open or close the mouth.

A - The treatment for dental trauma depends on which part of the mouth is affected, how severe the damage is, and the patient's oral health and overall wellbeing. Damage to the mouth can range from broken jaws and teeth to soft tissue injuries. Our resident dentist will examine your mouth to see what the dental trauma is and how best to treat your specific condition.

In general, for soft tissue injuries, pressure can be placed on the wound site with a cold compress to help the blood clot, to reduce swelling, and to aid healing. The mouth may be disinfected and a prescription for oral ointment or painkillers may be provided as needed.

With more severe tooth and jaw injuries, a dentist should be consulted immediately for treatment to see if the tooth can be saved and restored, or if it needs extracting and replacing with a substitute tooth like an implant or bridge.

Treatment is necessary to prevent further dental trauma through teeth misalignment and irregularities to jaw structures that can leave the facial appearance looking unattractively disproportionate and cause ill health through infections.

A - When any part of the mouth is damaged, even cut or scalded, there is a higher likelihood of bacterial infection with plaque and tartar build-up that can cause tooth decay and gum disease. These infections can have a knock-on effect to overall health resulting in headaches, hypertension or heart disease.

Teeth that are cracked or are knocked out, can cause misalignment to the teeth structure that affects the positioning of the jaw and the movement of facial muscles. A broken jaw is more extreme and can lead to severe facial pain or deformity if not treated.

The state of our mouths and facial appearance can impact self-esteem, our relationships with others, and our opportunities in life. Treating dental trauma gives renewed oral health, overall wellbeing, and confidence in our own look and identity.

A - The procedures involved in treating dental trauma depend on the type of treatment required but can range from dental cleaning, Endodontic treatments like root canal or tooth extractions, Orthodontic treatments for malocclusion and bite, or surgeries such as for jaw and facial reconstructions. Other procedures may follow certain treatments, such as a crown or implant after root canal treatment or Invisalign braces after enameloplasty treatment.

If you have experienced dental trauma and need treatment, contact our resident dentist for an examination and timely treatment to restore your mouth to natural health that will give you a sense of wellbeing and confidence when you smile.

A - The risks associated with not acting fast to receive the dental treatment you need can far outweigh any risks there may be in receiving treatment. A damaged mouth places the person at risk of infection, damaged nerves, tooth decay, gum disease, malocclusion and improper bite, pain when opening and closing the mouth or eating, jaw irregularities, lack of confidence, migraine, hypertension and heart disease.

All treatments available to the general public have passed dental standards where risks are taken into consideration to provide patients with optimum care before, during and after treatment. Discussing your concerns with our resident dentist will help you understand your own dental condition in relation to your general health, what to expect from treatments recommended specifically for you, and any associated risks.

A - Seeking advice from a dentist about what causes dental trauma is a start. Our resident dentist can arrange six-monthly check-ups with you to examine the condition of your mouth and to suggest treatments where necessary.

If an injury is new, getting treatment as soon as possible is vital to prevent further trauma to the mouth. Being active about your dental care, wearing a mouth guard for sports or a night guard if you grind your teeth can also protect your teeth and gums from harm.

Preventative options are available and our resident dentist can explain these to you at your dental examination.

A - The cost of treating dental trauma depends on the type of injury, the severity and damage, the length of time before seeking dental treatment, the oral and general health condition of the patient, the dental practice, the available treatments, and the pricing structures and payment plans. Our resident dentist will explain the relevant treatments and costs to you at your oral examination where you will also be provided with your diagnosis.